Dental implants are biocompatible metal posts or frames that are surgically inserted into the jawbone beneath the gums. After it fuses into the jaw bone over a period of time, the dentist can mount the replacement teeth onto them. It looks and lasts like the real tooth. A dental implant is the best replacement for a missing tooth which is a prototype of a natural tooth root.
WHY DENTAL IMPLANTS?
One can face the problem of missing teeth in their life. Tooth loss can be because of trauma, accident, serious gum diseases, tooth decay or even because of poor oral hygiene. If not treated missing teeth can cause various consequences such as,
- Speech problems
- Chewing problems
- The face may look older and wrinkled with sunken
- Pain in the facial muscles of the jaw
- Tooth decay and gum diseases
- Improper bite because of a tilt of adjacent teeth into the emptied spaces
- Untreated missing teeth may dent the face expressions
- Hiding smile during discussions or at public gatherings
Dental Implants help to overcome the above-mentioned problems. They are the best, popular treatments for the replacement of missing teeth. Dental implants are perfect for people having missing teeth regardless of their age and sex.
With 98% success rate, implants guarantee dental patients about their teeth and gum’s wellbeing.
Dental Implants are importantly a ‘titanium screw’ fused within the Jaw Bone.
- Dental Implants help restore the missing tooth
- Implants are a long-lasting solution with the ability to outlive the patient
- Dental Implants help to maintain the shape and contour of face and smile
- Implants never harm the adjacent tooth structure
- Implants guarantee superior appearance and comfort with speech
- Implants boost your confidence for being an ideal solution
- Implants give the opportunity to have the most of your favourite foods
Implant placing has various stages
Placing the Implant
Thanks to modern dentistry methods, it’s easy to make the implant placement comfortable and pain-free. Patients can also request the dental specialist for sedation to feel relaxed while dental implantation.
The process starts with the jawbone preparation and the surgeon makes a cut to uncover the bone for drilling holes. The gaps are kept deep enough for the implant to be placed properly and deep into the bone, similar to the root.
The dentist may require bone grafting in cases where the bone is weak or does not have the strength to support implant surgery. The dentist waits for the jaw bone to heal and then places the metal post in it.
The whole cycle may take a few months where most of the time is spent on healing and waiting for the development of new bone in the jaw.
After this, a temporary crown is given to the patient to fill the hole and also for achieving the aesthetic goal. This crown can be taken off for the implant process, one needs to hold up until the bone is healed completely.
During this process, the jawbone will grow and unite with the dental implant surface. This process is also called to as osseointegration as it helps a solid base for the new artificial tooth, much like roots do for the natural teeth.
In general, this may take between 3 to 6 months depending upon the bone health and structure. However, the complete process can be completed ina single day if the patient has a good bone structure.
From that point onward, you can plan the second surgery but just once the implants are fused with the bone. Your dental specialists will take an x-ray to confirm whether the implant is good for the subsequent surgery.
The second surgery will be less difficult than the first where a new incision is made to uncover the heads of the implants.
You may also need a second surgery to place the abutment (the piece where the crown will join) but only after healing is completed. This process is relatively simple typically completed with anaesthesia in an outpatient setting.
During the process, the dental specialist will re-open the injury to join the abutment to a dental implant. A temporary crown will be given for 4 to 6 weeks to let the gums around the abutment heal. Such a crown is mild and can cushion the implant and may pressure the delicate tissues that can help in healing.
For precaution, you may need to eat soft foods after each phase of surgery so to let the surgical area heal properly.
Placement Of Permanent Crown
In the following stage, the dentist will focus on making the permanent crown look precisely like your normal teeth. All the components like the surface, colour and anatomy will be tuned to blend with the surrounding dentition.
If not satisfied with the crown in any way, consult your dental specialist so it can be sent back to the dental expert for required changes.
Impressions of your mouth and remaining teeth are taken to make the crown so a realistic-looking artificial tooth can be made. The crown, in any case, won’t be placed until the jawbone is sufficiently able to support the new tooth.
It takes under 2 to 3 weeks to make a permanent crown which will be cemented or screwed to the Implant.
After permanent crown placement, your dentist will explain post-implant care guidance.
Post-Operative Instructions For Dental Implants
Follow these post-operative instructions after Dental Implantation:
- Avoid touching, spitting or rinsing the injury on surgery day. Try not to touch the metal healing abutment jutting through the gum tissue.
- After implantation, it’s normal to have some bleeding or redness in the mouth for 24 hours. To control excessive bleeding, bite on a cloth pad (placed on the wound) for 30 minutes. In case if bleeding doesn’t stop, look for additional instructions from your dental specialist.
- Swelling is normal after surgery. To limit it, apply an ice pack on the cheek in the surgical area (you can also use a plastic sack or an ice-filled towel). Apply the ice as much as possible for the initial 36 hours.
- Drink a lot of liquids but avoid hot beverages. Stick to soft diet on the surgery day. You can return to the normal diet once the surgical area is healed. Try not to drink anything using a straw.
- Start taking pain killers as soon as you feel the impacts of the local anaesthetic are going down. However, take the medicines recommended by the dentist.
- Healing is not possible without oral hygiene. Use the prescribed oral rinse while the day after surgery, use the recommended oral rinse twice after breakfast and before bed. Rinse for at least 30 seconds and then spit it out. Use warm salt rinses at any rate 4-5 times each day too. Be gentle initially while brushing the wound to not affect the healing.
- Try not to use, or consume, tobacco items in any form or any type after implants. It not only hinders healing as well as increases the odds of implant failure.
- Try not to take part in exercise following the surgery or keep it minimal, at best. You should realize that exercise may cause bleeding or throbbing, and it truly happens, stop the activity immediately. This may weaken you since you’re not taking normal food.
- Healing abutments will be placed at the time of implant placement. So, do rinse them frequently and keep them clean. Wait for the stitches to dissolve and clean the abutments through smooth massage.
- Try not to use incomplete or full dentures or flippers following surgery or for 10 days afterwards at least.
Good oral hygiene is important not only for your teeth and gums as well as for generally. Follow these tips to improve your oral health:
- Brush twice a day
- Choose your toothbrush cautiously
- Change your toothbrush after every 2 or 3 months
- Go gentle and thoroughly and don’t use an excessive amount of power while brushing
- Floss at least once every day to keep plaque, bacteria and foods struck between the teeth out as it helps keep implants in good condition
- Take proper oral care at home to make your dental implants forever
- Use mouth rinses once daily after meals
- Try not to eat sticky foods as implants can draw more bacteria
- Eating and drinking right can enable your implants to avoid the harm’s way
Visit the dental clinic regularly and try to achieve good oral hygiene to make your implants last forever.