What Are Braces?
Dental braces or clips are tools used to align or fix the teeth and guide the teeth in the right position. They are made of wires, brackets and bands. Braces help to correct irregular teeth positioning, jaw correction, improvement in chewing. An Orthodontist is the best person to guide you about the treatment options and modalities depending on the dentition.
What Are Braces Used For?
Braces are used to improve facial appearance, people don’t know is that there are any other implications that require orthodontic treatment like open bite, jaw structure, crossbite and so on.
What Is Adult Dentition?
This is where adult teeth or permanent teeth replace primary teeth which help in appearance, speech and digestion. During this stage, people face a lot many problems which can be corrected by Braces. Some of the common issues include:
• Crowding/Haphazardly placed teeth can lead to poor oral hygiene and can also be the reason behind Dental Caries (Cavities)
• Improper Bite that affects chewing efficiency
• Crooked teeth which can be a major reason for Periodontal issues, for example, Bleeding Gums, Halitosis (Bad Breath) and Tooth Mobility (Premature loss of teeth)
• If the teeth are not regular, then it can cause calculus deposits leading to yellow teeth
• Forwardly positioned/Proclined Teeth which can lead to more convex profile and posteriorly displaced chin
• Open Bite
• The gap between teeth can also cause speech problems
What Is Mixed Dentition?
This is a phase when one has a blend of both primary and permanent teeth in the mouth which is called Mixed Dentition. Wearing Braces can cure the following issues:
• Jaw Growth issues at this stage can be corrected in a non-invasive way which may later require surgical correction
• Treatment of crooked teeth as it should be treated during the early stage else it will influence Child’s psychology
What Is The Right Time To Get Braces?
Each individual is unique. Orthodontic treatment can be started at an early stage of life. There is no limit in terms of age for Braces.
Having good oral health and firm teeth can get braces at any age. There are various kinds of Orthodontic braces treatment available for all ages.
What Types Of Braces Are Available?
Metal Braces: These are the traditional and most regular types of braces. The metal braces used today are more comfortable and smaller in size. These require elastics that come in a wide range of colours to attach the wire to the braces. The wires use your body heat to move teeth quickly and less painfully. There is no age limit to these, as patients of any age can choose to fix their teeth using metal braces.
Metal Self Ligating Braces: These are metal Braces with a shutter or lock system and don’t need the use of elastic to tie the wire. In contrast with traditional metal braces, metal self-ligating braces are more comfortable and smaller in size. These are useful in achieving arch expansion and limit the need of extraction.
Ceramic Braces: Ceramic braces are the ones with clear brackets. They use tooth colour and blends more naturally with your teeth. The shape and size are the same as metal braces. These are less noticeable on the teeth and thus, are preferred by older teenagers and grown-ups who may have aesthetic concerns. A few times, even the wires used are of tooth colour can be less noticeable. Being less prominent, they need more care and protection contrasted with metal braces as they are bigger and more brittle. They need extra care, hence, are used more in upper teeth than lower.
Lingual Braces: Lingual Braces are heavy metal braces that are put behind the teeth. These metallic braces can also be made of silver or gold. The individual Bracket is customized using CAD-CAM/3D Designing. The treatment is highly stylish and less visible. This is however can cause gentle speech difficulty during the course throughout the treatment.
Clear Aligners: Teeth Aligners are clinical grade plastic trays that don’t need any braces or wire. They are absolutely invincible hence; the aesthetic concerns are appropriately met and make them engaging with adults who need orthodontic treatment. Despite the fact that set inside they don’t have any food limitations related. People accept that being placed inside, they may face speech challenges; which is a myth. Transparent braces are highly comfortable and hygienic.
Post Treatment Care For Braces
• Brush and Floss two times per day to keep your teeth healthy. Healthy teeth react better to the treatment.
• Visit your dental specialist on schedule for follow-up checks. Make a note of your appointments and follow suggestions, if any.
• Be restrained. The treatment length may change based upon the case. The teeth will take time to adjust accordingly.
Do’s And Don’ts With Braces On
• Avoid sticky food
• Request for a mouthguard
• Consume drinks that are low on sugar content and not carbonated
• Brush after each supper and never let food stuck on your braces
• Visit your dental specialist on every follow-up
• Try not to chew hard food and ice
• Try not to bite your fingernails
• Don’t consume more than one soft drink in a week
• Remember to floss like a boss